There are basically 5 stages of prostate cancer which ranges from Stage 0 to Stage IV. Stage 0 is the starting stage and in Stage IV the cancer spreads to other parts of the body including distant lymph nodes and bones.
Cancer committee has given the following staging of prostate cancer:
Stage I: The prostate cancer can't be felt. In this stage, the prostate cancer does not spread to any lymph nodes or other parts of the body. But it can be diagnosed to certain extent with the help of imaging tests like transrectal ultrasound.
Stage II: The prostate cancer can be felt by the doctor with the help of digital rectal exam. Here, the cancer has not yet spread to the lymph nodes or other parts of the body. Cancer cells in stage 2 have high gleason score and they grow quickly.
Stage III: In this stage, the prostate cancer may spread to seminal vesicles and nearby lymph nodes.
Stage IV: In this stage, it has spread to the other parts of the body like bones and distant lymph nodes.
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Treatment of cancer has evolved greatly, with significant improvements in radiology. Imaging is a major component of cancer detection. Some of the imaging tests used for finding various types of cancers are X-rays, CT-Scan, Ultrasound, Mammogram Imaging, MRI Scan, PET Scan and Nuclear Medicine scan.