Oral cancer or Oropharyngeal cancer can occur in any part of the buccal cavity including lips, tongue, throat, palate or floor of the mouth. Recognizing early indications such as sores, patches, lumps or bumps can help in keeping oral cancer at bay. Tumor resection surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy are utilized to treat mouth cancer.
Oral cancer is a malignancy that tends to develop in the tissues of the oral cavity. Mouth cancer is considered to be a part of the larger group of cancer known as Head and Neck cancer which basically originates in the squamous cells which form the lining of the moist surfaces of mouth, nose, and throat. Cancer can happen at any age but most prominently it is found in the people who are above 30 years and are specifically addicted to tobacco and alcohol.
In daily struggles, people forget about the most important fact that the health should be the priority and oral health is equally important. There can be various reasons that can become a pulley in the development of Oral cancer, some of them are:
HPV is a kind of virus that gets transferred through the skin. People who are suffering from HPV may not get any sign or symptom but can definitely affect others. Infections that linger for long, generally develop in cancer. People who are sexually active have a very good chance of getting exposed to HPV but the virus can be shunned off by following a healthy lifestyle.
People who are addicted to smoking and tobacco consumption double their chances of getting oral cancer. They tend to develop warts and cuts on the sides of their cheeks, tongue, and lining of their lips.
Alcohol consumption, poor oral hygiene, poor eating habits are also on the list of factors that lead to mouth cancer.
Genetic factors, if somebody has a family history of mouth cancer then they are more vulnerable to get cancer.
Oral cancer symptoms are quite common and are often ignored by people in most of the cases.
Long lasting malignant lesions eventually transform into cancer. Oral cancer can be prevented by a little awareness and getting indulged in healthy habits. Oral screening is the most important step that shouldn’t be taken for granted. Apart from that, there are few things that are needed to be kept in mind to prevent cancer:
Oral screening is a procedure that is conducted by the doctors to diagnose if there are any chances of cancer or precancerous condition that might be developing in the tissues of the oral cavity. The objective of the screening is to detect the formation of cancer or lesions at the very initial stage where it can be removed easily. Oral cancer screening methods include:
Visual screening: It is the most common and feasible way that is practiced by the doctors as a physical examination under the blue fluorescent light. Self-examination of cancer is another method of oral screening.
By following below mentioned steps you can conduct a screening of oral cancer at home itself:
Surgery and radiotherapy are the most commonly used treatment after the diagnosis of early oral cancer. Either these treatments are used in single modality or in combination. The stage of treatment depends on the location of the tumor, the age of the patient, cosmetic preference of the patients and other factors. Apart from these two procedures, chemotherapy is also used in combination with drugs and radiotherapy.
It is an undeterred fact that cancer rapidly spreads in the body thus, at the very initial stage before the malignancy has spread in the body, doctors resect the tumor or wart that has developed in the mouth.
Various methods are used in the process of tumor resection namely, Mohs micrographic surgery (removal of cancer from lips), Glossectomy (incision of the tongue), Mandibulectomy (jawbone), Maxillectomy (removal of a tumor from the hard palate), Laryngectomy ( removal of the larynx).
Surgeries are conducted to operate out tumor or part of the mouth or body where the tumor has developed, thus the part tends to become dysfunctional either for a short time or permanently.
Along with radiation therapy, chemotherapy is conducted to hamper the growth of cancerous cells developing exponentially inside the body. Chemotherapy is sometimes used in alteration of surgery as the primary treatment. Apart from that, the combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy is used to minimize the size of larger cancers before surgery.
It is a radiation process with advanced radiation technology that targets cancer cells and spares healthy tissue of the body. Radiation therapy or Radiotherapy for oropharyngeal cancer include high-energy x-rays to demolish Cancer cells or to slow down their growth rate. There are two procedures included in radiotherapy, external beam radiation therapy and internal radiation which is also termed as Brachytherapy. In internal radiation, radio actives are kept beside or near cancer affected region.
People who are diagnosed with oral cancer and have undergone surgeries or therapy for the treatment of oral cancer require reconstruction aids in the form of therapies. Doctors provide assistance to their patients in order to acquaint them with the habit of using their mouth during the recovery.
Oral cancer begins with little carelessness that is needed to be taken care of. If there are any absurd changes that are happening in the oral cavity, doctor consultation is extremely important. Ignoring early signs can lead to higher and dangerous risks. Make sure proper preventive measures are taken with the doctor's assistance to acquire better results. Oral health is equally important and should be kept in priority as many diseases begin from the mouth. Oral cancer is a highly preventive type of cancer that can even be cured if caught early.
SOURCES AND REFERENCES:
It will go live post Approval.
The information displayed on this webpage covers general information on several medical conditions, oncology procedures, medical, surgical & radiation procedures, various cancer & carcinoma types and their respective treatments. The exclusive purpose of the displayed information is for the sake of general understanding and it has been collected from open sources which heavily rely on research and laboratory tests. However, the information shared here should not be considered as a medical advice or an alternative to consultation with a registered medical practitioner or licensed healthcare professional.
It is not advised to self-diagnose or treat any medical condition or disease following the information given in this article. We insist you to consult a registered practitioner and never try to replace their advice or discontinue treatment in between by relying solely on the information obtained. External links to different websites as well as videos given on the website serve the purpose of sharing knowledge only. Ela being an Independent Medical Information platform is neither responsible nor guarantees the authenticity, reliability, and accuracy of these videos and websites in any way. We do not intend the information displayed here to be used for a medical emergency, if you seek medical attention for yourself (or any other person with whom you want to share the information with), we advise you to directly get in touch with the hospital or the doctor.