Esophageal cancer is a cancer that occurs on the walls of esophagus. Esophageal cancer can be caused by excess consumption of alcohol, use of tobacco or by issues of being over-weight. Esophageal cancer can be treated with surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and targeted therapy.
We know that cancer starts to take place in the body when the body cells start to grow in an uncontrolled manner. This abnormal growth of cells can be caused in any part of the body so basically cancer can occur anywhere in the body. Here, we talk about esophageal cancer so first of all, we have to understand what is esophagus.
Esophagus is a kind of hollow, muscular tube that connects throat with stomach. It is located behind trachea, which is commonly known as windpipe. Whenever we eat or drink something, it reaches our stomach by traveling through esophagus. The length of esophagus is between 10-13 inches in an adult. Wall of an esophagus has several layers:
Detailed understanding about Esophageal anatomy makes it easy to learn about Esophageal cancer in terms of origin and growth. This kind of cancer starts from the inner part of esophagus also known as mucosa and then grows outwardly. There are two types of cells in esophagus, so there are basically two types of esophageal cancer:
There are many symptoms that you may experience during esophageal cancer. These symptoms alone cannot determine the presence of early cancer but the symptoms of cancer can be clear as cancer grows to above stages. The factors are as follows:
Just like most cancers, the cause of esophageal cancer is yet to know. It’s believed to be related to abnormalities (mutations) in the DNA of the cells related to the esophagus. These mutations signal the cells to multiply more vigorously than normal cells. These mutations also disrupt the signal for these cells to die when they should. This causes them to accumulate and become tumors which when left untreated can form cancer. Abnormalities or mutation in the cells can be caused by:
There are following testing methods for diagnosing esophageal cancer:
Treatment options and recommendations depend on several factors, including the type and stage of cancer, the patient’s preferences, overall health and possible side effects. The following treatments are recommended in case of esophagus cancer:
As esophageal cancer advances, it can cause complications, such as:
You can take these following steps to reduce your risk of esophageal cancer:
Before you get esophageal cancer, you will be diagnosed with Barrett's esophagus, a precancerous condition that increases risk of esophageal cancer caused by chronic acid reflux. In this case, one should ask their doctor about the signs and symptoms to look for that may help to identity early symptoms of cancer. Book an appointment with us at +918929020600 for reliable cancer doctors and hospitals.
SOURCES AND REFERENCES:
It will go live post Approval.
The information displayed on this webpage covers general information on several medical conditions, oncology procedures, medical, surgical & radiation procedures, various cancer & carcinoma types and their respective treatments. The exclusive purpose of the displayed information is for the sake of general understanding and it has been collected from open sources which heavily rely on research and laboratory tests. However, the information shared here should not be considered as a medical advice or an alternative to consultation with a registered medical practitioner or licensed healthcare professional.
It is not advised to self-diagnose or treat any medical condition or disease following the information given in this article. We insist you to consult a registered practitioner and never try to replace their advice or discontinue treatment in between by relying solely on the information obtained. External links to different websites as well as videos given on the website serve the purpose of sharing knowledge only. Ela being an Independent Medical Information platform is neither responsible nor guarantees the authenticity, reliability, and accuracy of these videos and websites in any way. We do not intend the information displayed here to be used for a medical emergency, if you seek medical attention for yourself (or any other person with whom you want to share the information with), we advise you to directly get in touch with the hospital or the doctor.
Cervical cancer screening involves testing a woman for the presence of cervical cancer before she shows up any symptoms. Tests like Pap smear, HPV test and Colposcopy procedures are utilized in the cervical cancer screening. Prevention of cervical cancer can come in the form of protected sex, maintaining good health, regular screening and getting vaccinated.