Cervical cancer screening involves testing a woman for the presence of cervical cancer before she shows up any symptoms. Tests like Pap smear, HPV test and Colposcopy procedures are utilized in the cervical cancer screening. Prevention of cervical cancer can come in the form of protected sex, maintaining good health, regular screening and getting vaccinated.
Despite being a prominent reason behind cancer deaths in women all over the world, cervical cancer is slow-growing cancer that can be prevented well-in time with adequate knowledge and action. There are various ways with which cervical cancer can be prevented with vaccination being the most effective and trusted one. Other ways to steer clear of cervical cancer are by following proper precautions such as performing intercourse with adequate protection to prevent the spread of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection, maintaining good health and following a regular exercise regime, avoiding smoking and undergoing timely screening.
Cervical Cancer is cancer in the cells of the cervix. Cervix is present in the lower part of the uterus which plays a crucial role in the reproductive system of women as it connects uterus to the vagina. It is one of the most commonly occurring cancers in the women. In cervical cancer, the cells of the cervix start growing in an uncontrollable manner with high chances of spreading across the other parts of the body including lungs, bladder, liver, rectum and vagina.
HPV infection is usually present in most of the sexually active people without their knowledge. It is cleared off by the body following its own defense mechanism. The problem arises once the body fails to get rid of the infection on its own which leads to the development of cancer.
Cervical cancer grows at a slower pace, which can provide adequate time for its detection and treatment. Timely screening can reveal precancerous changes happening in the cervix cells. Noticeably, women that are detected with precancerous changes are in their younger years of the 20s and 30s while the average age is considered to be of mid-50s when most women are detected with cervical cancer.
The onset of cervical cancer is marked by the onset of certain signs that can be easily read over a period of time such as:
Cervical cancer has got unique causes which every woman needs to know so that the prevention of the same can be done at the right point of time. HPV infection is the main cause of cervical cancer in women. HPV infection is the most common type of disorder which spreads through intercourse. When talking about the occurrence of cervical cancer, high-risk types of HPV infection usually cause cervical cancer in women.
There are mainly 3 types of cervical cancer:
1- Squamous Cell Carcinoma: This is the most common types of cervical cancer. It develops in the region of the joining of endocervix and exocervix.
2. Adenocarcinomas: This type of cervical cancer develop from the gland cells present in the endocervix which produce mucus.
3. Adenosquamous carcinomas: This is the mixed types of cervical cancer. It possesses the features of both squamous cell carcinomas and adenocarcinomas.
Screening involves regular checking before there any symptoms of cancer appear in the body. Cervical Cancer Screening is one of the most crucial parts of diagnosing and treating cervical cancer. When an individual undergoes screening at the right time, then there are high chances that the cervical cancer is treated in the best ways resulting in better survival rate. Cervical Cancer Screening mainly involves following important tests:
Cervical Cancer is one of the most preventable cancers across the world. If the right precautions are taken, then cervical cancer prevention is absolutely possible.
Thus, cervical cancer screening and prevention are the two important aspects of controlling cervical cancer in women. As it is said that prevention is better than cure, getting screened for cervical cancer and following correct preventive measures will act in your favor because the survival rates are up to 91% with a timely detection.
SOURCES AND REFERENCES:
It will go live post Approval.
The information displayed on this webpage covers general information on several medical conditions, oncology procedures, medical, surgical & radiation procedures, various cancer & carcinoma types and their respective treatments. The exclusive purpose of the displayed information is for the sake of general understanding and it has been collected from open sources which heavily rely on research and laboratory tests. However, the information shared here should not be considered as a medical advice or an alternative to consultation with a registered medical practitioner or licensed healthcare professional.
It is not advised to self-diagnose or treat any medical condition or disease following the information given in this article. We insist you to consult a registered practitioner and never try to replace their advice or discontinue treatment in between by relying solely on the information obtained. External links to different websites as well as videos given on the website serve the purpose of sharing knowledge only. Ela being an Independent Medical Information platform is neither responsible nor guarantees the authenticity, reliability, and accuracy of these videos and websites in any way. We do not intend the information displayed here to be used for a medical emergency, if you seek medical attention for yourself (or any other person with whom you want to share the information with), we advise you to directly get in touch with the hospital or the doctor.