Symptoms of breast cancer in male include swelling, reddening and rashes on and around the nipples along with bloody discharge. Cancer cells are detected as a lump on physical examination or become visible on an x-ray. Surgery, Hormonal therapy, Biological Therapy and chemotherapy are a few ways to treat breast cancer.
Men and women are physiologically different from each other. Often, we hear about breast cancer in women but few of us are aware of breast cancer in men. One out of 800 men can get breast cancer, a condition when the cells in the breast turn cancerous. Significantly, men do have breast but their breast tissues are very less in number if compared to women and not physically remarkable.
At the young age of 9, both boys and girls have a small amount of breast tissues. With the age, as both reaches the level of puberty, girl’s ovaries produce female hormones leading the breasts to grow in size. On the contrary, in the case of men, they have low levels of female hormones, so their breast does not grow.
It is awkward to know that cancer can grow inside male breast too, which is otherwise commonly known to affect females only. Usually neglected, breast cancer in men is not detected at early stages. Due to ignorance, men hardly ever notice changes going about in their breast or get suspicious of a possible dangerous development.
There is a high probability of developing breast cancer in men if their age varies between 60-70 years. On the other hand, the risk of developing this deadly condition is very less when the age of any male is 35 years or less.
We hereby cover certain factors which majorly contribute to the of breast cancer in men, including:
If a man has:
One major sign of breast cancer in men is noticeable with the appearance of ‘a mass block on his chest’. But initially, it may not be suspected to be cancerous in nature. Furthermore, other signs of breast cancer can be noted which are:
Any abnormal changes in breast area including:
There are two famous techniques used for the examination of male breast cancer such as:
It is the main concern to know the exact stage of cancer that a patient is in so as to make an informed decision about the treatment. Following are the stages of male breast cancer:
Stage 0- Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS): The stage when the cancer is noninvasive and is limited to milk ducts only.
Stage I: In this stage, cancer is still comparatively small and has not spread across the lymph nodes.
Stage II: The tumor is bigger in size as compared to stage I spreading across lymph nodes.
Stage III: Treated with drugs and surgery, this stage includes bigger tumor in the surrounding tissues and greater number of lymph nodes infestation.
Stage IV- Metastatic: Cancer spreads across the liver, bones, lungs, and other parts of the body including brain. It requires systemic therapy in which either chemo, hormone, targeted or combination therapy is given.
Treatment of breast cancer in men has the same procedures and technologies as those involved in treating breast cancer in women.
Even though the doctor declares you cancer-free but it is difficult not to worry about it striking back especially when you have already had it once. You have the following ways to manage your life and health after cancer:
As in the case of men, late diagnosis is the main reason behind the higher rate of fatality. Hence, early detection along with timely medical intervention is the key to fight breast cancer in males. Although the percentage of developing breast cancer in men is low but cannot be ruled out completely.
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Prostate cancer screening is testing the men for prostate cancer who dont show any symptoms. Men who are aged above 50 years, showing prostate enlargement symptoms, having family history of prostate cancer and belonging to African Americans origin are at higher risk of developing prostate cancer. They are provided with screening such as PSA test and DRE on a routine basis.