Breast Exam is the first step towards diagnosis of breast cancer. The shape, size and symmetry along with the presence of abnormal bodies is examined in the patient. Breast examination can be performed by a gynecologist or self.
A careful breast exam is the first step in checking for a breast cancer. The checkup begins with the person getting undressed at the upper half. The specialist then observes the breasts for any possible changes in shape, size or symmetry. The person may be asked to lift hands above the head or to lean forward. the breast is then checked with fingers for any kind of lump or other abnormality. They may then go on to examine skin for any kind of visible changes like dimpling, rashes, or redness. Nipples are pressed gently to see for any type of discharge. If discharge is observed it may be taken for sampling for further testing.
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Cervical cancer screening involves testing a woman for the presence of cervical cancer before she shows up any symptoms. Tests like Pap smear, HPV test and Colposcopy procedures are utilized in the cervical cancer screening. Prevention of cervical cancer can come in the form of protected sex, maintaining good health, regular screening and getting vaccinated.