Bone Cancer is a malignant tumor that arises from abnormal cells and forms a lump or mass in bones. Some of the bone cancers include Osteogenic Sarcoma and Chordoma. Surgery is still the primary method of treatment. Know more about types, risk factors, diagnosis and treatment of bone cancer in detail.
Bone cancer can take place in any of the bones in the body, but it most often occurs in the pelvis or the long bones in legs and arms. Cancer that begins in the bone is very rare, it is not the same diseases as cancer that starts in another part of the body and spreads to other bones.
Bone cancer is a type of malignant tumor that arises from the cells that make up the bones of the body. It is also known as primary bone cancer that arises in the bone tissue itself and could be benign or malignant. Benign bone tumors are more common than bone cancers, they start when cells in the bone divide rapidly without control, forming a mass of tissue. Benign bone tumors are not cancerous and do not spread to other parts of the body but they have the potential to weaken the bones and lead to broken bones or cause other problems.
Some of the symptoms of bone cancer include the following:
Bone cancers are more common among children and younger adults as compared to older people. Cancer, if found in bones of an older adult can really be risky, it might have spread to the bone after originating from another location in the body.
Some of the risk factors for bone cancers include the following:
The different type of bone cancer includes the following:
1. Osteogenic Sarcoma (Osteosarcoma):
Osteogenic sarcoma or Osteosarcoma is one of the most common type of bone cancer and prevalent among children and teenagers under the age group of 10-19 years. This cancerous tissue in osteosarcoma is more common among males; it begins at the ends of long bones in areas of active bone growth such as the knee, at the end of the thighbone (femur) or the shinbone (tibia) near the knee. Sometimes it can also develop in the bone of the arm.
Chondrosarcoma may arise in the thigh areas, pelvis and shoulders of older grown-ups. It is grown in the subchondral tissue, which is the tough connective tissue among bones. It is considered the second most common primary cancer including the bones. It is a rare malignant tumor that originates in the larynx and sometimes encountered by otolaryngologists. It requires conservative surgery to be cured normally. Chondrosarcoma is one of the most common bone cancers. It arises from cartilage cells that are attached to or cover bone. It is more common in people older than 40 years of age, and less than 5% of these cancers occur in people under 20 years of age. It may either grow rapidly and aggressively or grow slowly.
3. Ewing’s sarcoma:
Ewing’s sarcoma is an uncommon tumor that either starts in the soft tissues surrounding the bones or directly in the bones. Mostly children and late teens under the age of 4-15 are affected by this and it is usually an aggressive type of bone cancer.
4. Pleomorphic sarcoma (malignant fibrous histiocytoma) of bone:
Pleomorphic sarcoma or malignant fibrous histiocytoma or MFH are typically not bone cancers but they may arise in softer tissues of the bone. Pleomorphic sarcomas are more common among the adults and can be found anywhere in the body.
Fibrosarcoma is a rare type of bone cancer. Adults are more prone to this type of cancer and it mostly occurs around the knee areas. Fibrosarcoma mainly affects the fibroplasts cell, which is responsible for creating the fibrous tissue found throughout the body.
Chordoma is also a very rare cancer, people who are under the age group of 30 years mostly suffers from this kind of bone cancer. Chordoma usually occurs in the bones of the skull base and spine. It is part of soft tissue tumors called sarcomas. Chordomas account for more than five percent of all bone tumors and about twenty percent of primary spinal tumors. Chordomas are complicated tumors because there are no symptoms initially and they grow very slowly.
Some of the common treatments available for bone cancer include the following:
We hope this article was helpful in clearing your doubts about bone cancer. To get more information and updates about Bone Cancer and other related Cancer you can follow Elacancer blog or call us at +91-8929020600
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