Anal Cancer is a cancer type, which affects the anus or anal canal in a human body. Older individuals are at greater risk of anal cancer. The prognosis of anal cancer is good when diagnosed at an early stage. In this blog, you will find more about causes, risk factors, signs, symptoms, types, prognosis and diagnostics for Anal Cancer.
Anal Cancer is the type of cancer, which occurs in the anus or anal canal in the human body. One needs to know that women are more affected with anal cancer as compared to men. Anus is a part of the human body present at the end of gastrointestinal tract. In this article, you will find details about causes, risk factors, signs, symptoms, prognosis, diagnosis and treatment of the anal cancer.
Anal cancer is associated with different factors, which need to be monitored from time to time for successful treatment of the patient. Here are some of the risk factors, which lead to increased chances of anal cancer.
1. Elderly individuals: When an individual, crosses the age of 50 or more, then they are tend to have increased chances of being diagnosed with anal cancer.
2. Smoking: Yes! You will be surprised to know this but anal cancer is also caused men and women due to the increased smoking habits, which is hazardous to the health.
3. Human Papilloma virus (HPV): Anal Cancer and Human Papilloma virus are closely related to each other. HPV infection is spread with skin-to-skin contact and affects various important parts of the body and leads to anal cancer.
4. Anal Sex: Individuals who regularly have anal sex are exposed to attracting anal sex than others who do not perform this type of sex.
5. Weak immune system: Patients who have a weak immune system and have evidence of AIDS and HIV are at a greater risk of suffering from anal cancer.
There are different signs and symptoms of anal cancer, which need to keep in mind when the patient has doubt regarding the presence of anal cancer.
Anal Cancer may be classified into following five types based on the cell type present in the anal area.
The 5-year prognosis of Anal Cancer is mentioned as follows. The survival rates of the patient with squamous cancer is much more than non-squamous cancers. Here are the percentages of squamous and non-squamous cell carcinoma respectively.
The diagnosis of anal cancer is performed with the help of the following examinations and tests:
1. Examining of the anal canal and rectum: Here a digital rectal examination is performed in the patient under the expertise of a medical specialist. With this type of examination, unusual growths are seen in the patient.
2. Ultrasound: Ultrasound is performed with the help of a probe, which is inserted in the anal canal and rectum. The ultrasound waves, which are high-sound energy waves are passed through the tissues and organs, which are targeted inside the body.
3. Laboratory testing for sample tissue: Here the biopsy procedure of the sample tissue taken from the anal of the patient is tested for the presence of the cancer in the anal.
4. Anoscope: Anoscope is a tube-like structure which is inserted into the anal and rectum to view the structures here. This procedure is known as Anoscopy. On the Anoscope, a lubricant is applied for proper view of these structures. The light, which comes of the tube, helps the doctor to view the targeted organs properly without creating any kind of confusion in the diagnosis.
5. Biopsy: Biopsy is very useful in the successful diagnosis of the anal cancer especially in the later stages of the same. One of the most commonly utilized biopsy procedures includes Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA). FNA test is very useful to check the lymph nodes, which are present in the respective area.
The treatment of the anal cancer varies with the respective stage of anal cancer and the success rates of the same also varies with the severity of the cancer in the patient. Most of the cancer specialists utilize both chemotherapy and radiation therapy for curing the patient who is diagnosed with anal cancer.
Thus, these are the crucial aspects of the anal cancer, which need to be focused on when considering the chance of presence of anal cancer. Patients need to be aware enough to understand these aspects of anal cancer to use it at the right time when required. For a free Cancer consultation reaches out to Ela at +918929020600.
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